Cancer is a class of diseases that is characterized by out-of-control cell growth. According to the researchers there are over 100 different types of cancer, and each one is classified by the type of cell that is initially affected.
Since, Cancer harms the body when damaged cells divide abnormally to form lumps or masses of tissue called tumors except in the case of leukemia where cancer prohibits normal blood function by abnormal cell division in the blood stream. Whereas tumors can grow and interfere with the digestive, nervous, and circulatory systems thereby release hormones that alter body function.
How is cancer treated?
Certainly, there are types of Cancers depending upon how much it has spread its age, health status, besides its additional personal characteristics. As, there is no single treatment for cancer and patients often receive a combination of therapies and palliative care.
Therefore, treatments usually fall into one of the following categories:
Surgery is the primitive known treatment for cancer. If a cancer has not metastasized, it is possible to completely cure a patient by surgically removing the cancer from your body. This can be frequently seen in the removal of the prostate or a breast or testicle.
Also known as radiotherapy radiation basically destroys cancer by focusing high-energy rays on the cancer cells, which causes damage to the molecules that make up the cancer cells and leads them to commit suicide.
Chemotherapy adopted method to combat cancer by using chemicals that interfere with the cell division process – damaging proteins or DNA – so that cancer cells will commit suicide plus these treatments target any rapidly dividing cells (not necessarily just cancer cells), but normal cells usually can recover from any chemical-induced damage while cancer cells cannot.
Immunotherapy intends to get the body’s immune system to fight the tumor. In this, immunotherapy treats the whole body as a direct an agent such as the protein interferon alpha that can shrink tumors.
Since, several cancers have been linked to some types of hormones, most notably breast and prostate cancer. Hormone therapy is exclusively designed to alter hormone production in the body so that cancer cells stop growing or are killed completely.
The goal of gene therapy is to replace damaged genes with ones that work to address a root cause of cancer: damage to DNA. For example, researchers are trying to replace the damaged gene that signals cells to stop dividing (the p53 gene) with a copy of a working gene.
Apart from above discussed therapies , some other cancer prevention is based on systematic screening in order to detect small irregularities or tumors as early as possible even if there are no clear symptoms present. Breast self-examination, mammograms, testicular self-examination, and Pap smears are common screening methods for various cancers.
Fortunately, Cancer treatment in Durg, Cancer treatment in Erode, Cancer treatment in Mathura provides you an early detection of cancer can to a great extent improve the odds of successful treatment and survival. Here, Physicians use information from symptoms and several other procedures to diagnose cancer. Imaging techniques such as X-rays, CT scans, MRI scans, PET scans, and ultrasound scans are used regularly in order to detect where a tumor is located and what organs may be affected by it.